70,000 Students With Disabilities Secluded, Restrained in School

Christina A. Samuels

One out of every 100 special education students was restrained by school personnel or secluded in school from his or her peers in the 2013-14 school year, presumably to quell behavior that teachers considered disruptive or dangerous.

That means nearly 70,000 special education students were restrained or secluded in that school year, the most recent for which data are available. For most students, this happened more than once: States reported more than 200,000 such incidents, so on average, a special education student was restrained or secluded about three times.

These statistics, based on an analysis by the Education Week Research Center of data collected by the U.S. Department of Education’s office for civil rights, represent the best national snapshot of these controversial practices.

The numbers are also, almost surely, dramatically understated.

Many large districts, including New York City and Chicago, were among the nearly 80 percent of districts that reported no special education students being restrained or secluded.

Advocacy groups and news organizations have investigated restraint and seclusion incidents in individual states and have found large undercounts. This is true even in states such as Indiana and Maine that have their own reporting requirements separate from the federal collection of civil rights data.

The shaky record keeping has serious consequences for students, who are traumatized or injured at unknown rates; teachers, who say they aren’t getting the help they need to deal with troubled students; and advocates and policymakers, who say they want to end inappropriate use of these practices.

The data also show how challenging it is to regulate restraint and seclusion through policy. Whether students are restrained or secluded appears to have more to do with the culture of the school or district they attend than with any state rules or regulations meant to restrict the practice. Researchers at the University of New Hampshire, examining previous collections of restraint and seclusion data, found that the vast majority of the variance in reported restraint and seclusion rates is found among districts in the same state, all presumably governed by the same policies.


Biodex Includes Music Therapy in Its Cerebral Palsy Rehabilitation Treadmill

Daniela Semedo, PHD

Biodex Medical Systems has developed the first movement rehabilitation treadmill for cerebral palsy that includes a music therapy component.

The Gait Trainer 3 offers both audio and visual feedback that patients with CP and other movement disorders can use to adjust their walking patterns. It assesses step length, speed and symmetry, or right-to-left step timing.

It also allows the work of music therapists to reach more people.

Music therapy can improve nervous-system-related movement functioning, studies have shown.

Two kinds of audio cues can activate certain areas of the brain to facilitate walking. They are called rhythmic auditory stimulation cues and patterned sensory enhancement cues. The Gait Trainer 3 combines both forms of music therapy.


Cheney High Grad Seeks to Raise Awareness of Cerebral Palsy

Adriana Loya

Via KWCH.com

Like a proud parent, Gay Gower talks about her grandson’s accomplishments.

“For his use of technology with his chair, he received Infinitech outstanding technology achievement,” she said.

But that’s not all. Her grandson Dustin Gower has also been featured in his high school newspaper multiple times.

“He made some artwork and he donated that as part of their community school service day,” Gay said.

The recognition means so much for the family because Dustin is a unique 17-year-old.

“He has cerebral palsy,” Gay said. “He was born prematurely and it’s been in effect since then. It was diagnosed when he was nine months old.”

But, his diagnosis has not stopped Dustin. With the use of special buttons and handles, Dustin is able to move himself around on his wheelchair by using only his hand, chin and mouth.

“Just because you don’t have use in a certain limb, it doesn’t mean you can’t use another one,” Dustin said.