Category Archives: Treatments and Therapies

Kinesiology Tape is Helping Children with Cerebral Palsy

Via PRBuzz & BioSpace

cerebral palsy kids When people think of Kinesiology Tape, it’s fair to say that thoughts focus on professional athletes who use this tape to enhance sporting performance, prevent injury and allow them to return to recover faster. However, studies have shown that the applications and benefits of Kinesiology Tape are far more wide reaching and can even help children with cerebral palsy.

A study published in Developmental Neurorehabilitation has found that this tape can assist in improving balance, mobility and speed when performing physical tasks. Specifically, researchers looked at the time it took children with cerebral palsy to stand from a sitting position, their ability to balance in response to dynamic and static situations, and the time it took to stand from a chair and walk 3m before returning to sit down. In all instances, children preformed better with the aid of Kinesiology tapping.

The study found that children were able to carry-out dynamic function tasks better when taped. These children showed an improvement in body alignment, which made it easier to stabilize and find their centre of gravity. This made it easier for the children to move with better coordination and control. In turn, this facilitated faster physical responses and allowed for tasks to be completed with more efficiency.

It’s important to acknowledge that this study only included a small number of participants and further research in this area of physical rehabilitation is necessary. However, despite the low statistically significance, these findings offer hope to children with cerebral palsy. Any additional therapeutic interventions that can help these kids improve their quality of life are welcomed news.

It is hoped that further studies involving larger sample sizes will help to build on this pilot study. Such research will add to the knowledge and understanding of the potential benefits of kinesiology tape in assisting children with neurodevelopmental problems.

Diagnostic Radiation Exposure Safe for Children, Experts State

Via the Society of Nuclear Medicine

In an article published in the June 2017 issue of The Journal of Nuclear Medicine, researchers assert that exposure to medical imaging radiation not only doesn’t increase an adult person’s risk of getting cancer, it doesn’t increase a child’s risk. According to the authors, the long-held belief that even low doses of radiation, such as those received in diagnostic imaging, increase cancer risk is based on an inaccurate, 70-year-old hypothesis and leads to unnecessary fear and misdiagnoses.

The hypothesis referred to is the linear no-threshold hypothesis (LNT) promoted by Nobel Laureate Hermann Muller in 1946. Muller stated that the dose-response relationship is linear with no threshold dose, i.e., all radiation is harmful, regardless of how low the dose and dose rate.

“The underlying intent of lowering future cancer risk, although desirable, goes astray, as the premise is based on the erroneous LNT and the resulting as-low-as-reasonably-achievable (ALARA) principle” asserts Jeffry A. Siegel, PhD, president and CEO of Nuclear Physics Enterprises, Marlton, New Jersey. “The assumption ignores evidence-supported adaptive responses that either repair mutations through enhanced repair enzymes or remove the unrepaired cells by apoptosis [death of cells as part of normal growth] or, most importantly, the immune system.”

Children are generally considered to be more vulnerable and, therefore, more sensitive to the effects of radiation than adults. Siegel notes, .” ..much of the current thinking about the risks of ionizing radiation is based on certain interpretations of the Hiroshima/Nagasaki life-span study.”

He says the study is interpreted incorrectly and points out that Japanese children younger than six at the time of the bombings at the end of World War II and exposed to radiation up to 200 mSv showed no significant difference in adult-onset cancers when compared with a control group. Siegel adds, “Supportively, the French Academy of Sciences reported that these data provide evidence for protective adaptive responses and no valid evidence for harm below 100 mGy.”

Nuclear medicine and CT radiation doses are low, and Siegel cites studies that show “initial radiation-induced damage is generally repaired or eliminated in a matter of hours by the body’s adaptive responses.” In addition, older children have a stronger immune system than adults. Siegel says, “low-dose radiation has been shown to stimulate the immune system to reduce cancer rates.”

Why not err on the side of caution by continually striving to lower radiation exposure? Siegel states, .” ..the obsession over lowering radiation dose is a futile and laborious attempt to minimize what is, in fact, a nonexistent risk.” He emphasizes the importance of diagnostic quality and says, “Accurate information about low-dose radiation is the only way to undo fear. …Radiophobia is detrimental to patients and parents, induces stress and leads to suboptimal image quality or avoidance of imaging, thus increasing misdiagnoses and consequent harm while offering no compensating benefits.”

Photo credit – Pressmaster/Fotolia

Biodex Includes Music Therapy in Its Cerebral Palsy Rehabilitation Treadmill

Daniela Semedo, PHD

Biodex Medical Systems has developed the first movement rehabilitation treadmill for cerebral palsy that includes a music therapy component.

The Gait Trainer 3 offers both audio and visual feedback that patients with CP and other movement disorders can use to adjust their walking patterns. It assesses step length, speed and symmetry, or right-to-left step timing.

It also allows the work of music therapists to reach more people.

Music therapy can improve nervous-system-related movement functioning, studies have shown.

Two kinds of audio cues can activate certain areas of the brain to facilitate walking. They are called rhythmic auditory stimulation cues and patterned sensory enhancement cues. The Gait Trainer 3 combines both forms of music therapy.



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